Top 50 Amazing Facts About Nepal
Nepal officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It is landlocked and borders China in the north and India in the south, east and west, while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim.
Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic country with Nepali as the official language.
The name “Nepal” is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans and was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley’s traders.
The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951 but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the establishment of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world’s last Hindu monarchy. The 50 amazing facts about Nepal are given below:
- Nepal has the world’s densest availability of World Heritage Sites.
- Nepal is the home to the birthplace of Buddha, who was born as Siddhartha Gautam and gained enlightenment in India.
- Nepal, unfortunately, has a slow internet speed. It is the country with one of the slowest internet speeds.
- Nepal is sandwiched between two domineering masses of China and India. It shares borders only with these two countries and is landlocked.
- Architecturally, Nepal proposed during the golden age when Malla kings ruled the country.
- Nepal does not celebrate Independence Day as it has never been colonized to date.
- Nepal is renowned for the presence of Gurkha soldiers. They have successfully protected the country and their fighting ability has proven to be impressive over the years.
- Nepal was defeated by China in an expansion attempt, thus giving rise to the Sugauli treaty, which made Nepal’s borders as it is today.
- The first known rulers of the Kathmandu Valley were the Hindu Kiratis.
- The “dark age” of Nepal occurred around 600s to 1200s when Kashmir and Tibet tried to invade the country. The strategic location, however, ensured the kingdom’s survival.
- Nepal is the only country with a non-rectangular flag.
- The Bikram Sambat was introduced during the 9th century and is used to date. It is 67 years, eight and a half months ahead of the Gregorian calendar.
- Nepal recently changed from a monarchy to being a republic.
- Another amazing fact about Nepal is that Nepal is home to the 70 million-year-old Himalaya mountains range that separates Asia’s Tibetan plateau from the Indian subcontinent.
- The Himalayas of Nepal consists of8 of the 10 tallest mountains in the world. The most famous and the largest place on Earth is Mount Everest, also called Sagarmatha.
- Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa were the first people to scale the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest.
- The variation in altitudes in Nepal is unique. It has the highest valley in the world, the Arun valley.
- Nepalis home to the deepest gorge in the world, Kaligandaki.
- Chitwan, situated in Nepal is the world’s tallest grassland.
- Nepal offers hot tropical conditions to bone-chilling artic-level cold in just a variation of 100 kilometres.
- Nepal is home to the highest lake on earth, the Tilicho.
- Nepal is home to the deepest lake on earth, the SheyPhoksundo.
- Karnali river is the longest river in Nepal.
- Nepal is alive geologically, as the Indo Australian plate under Nepal is still moving, it will travel 1500 kilometres into Asia in the next 10 million years.
- The Kaligandaki River situated in Nepal is older than the Himalayas.
- Nepal is home to a huge flora and fauna species. 5980 flowering plant species are found in Nepal.
- Nepal is home to 870 different species of birds, making it a home of eight per cent of bird species of the world.
- Nepal is home to 650 different species of butterflies including the largest moth in the world.
- Momo is considered to be the most popular food product in Nepal. It is a flour and water dumpling steamed and eaten with a dipping sauce.
- The national dish of Nepal is daal, Bhaat, and Tarkari.
- The Elephant polo game originated from Nepal.
- Mount Everest is a major source of revenue in Nepal.
- Nepal is home to the snow leopard, red panda, one-horned rhino, which are all endangered species.
- No blood has ever been shed in this beautiful country in the name of the ethnic or religious riot.
- Namaste is the way people greet each other in Nepal. They greet each other with plans placed together. Namaste essentially means “I salute the God in you”.
- Nepal is home to the only living Goddess in the world, called the Kumari. Pre-pubescent children are selected as children and considered to be the manifestations of female energy. These Kumari’s retire after achieving puberty.
- More than half the population of Nepal survives in one dollar per day making Nepal one of the poorest countries in the world.
- Another amazing fact about Nepal is that it excels as an adventure and extreme sports retreat. Paragliding, bungee jumping, marathons, mountain biking, whitewater rafting, kayaking, and mountaineering can all be done in this beautiful country.
- Nepal is the second-largest source of water in the world.
- Despite being home to a lot of freshwater rivers and lakes.
- Nepal is also known to be home to the Yeti. Yeti is a mysterious creature said to be much larger than an average human being. Sightings have been reported on multiple occasions.
- Turning the map of Nepal clockwise will give you the replica of the map of Portugal.
- The capital of Nepal, Kathmandu as previously a huge lake full of floating lotuses. This fact has been scientifically proven to be true, meaning that Kathmandu is full of alluvial soil.
- Kathmandu is home to more than half of Nepal’s population.
- The national colour of this country is red and the national flower is the rhododendron.
- It is illegal to kill cows in Nepal. Cows are the national animal of this country.
- Kissing in public in Nepal can get you arrested as this country does not encourage public displays of affection.
- Conservation efforts in Nepal are increasing steadily, making it possible to increase the population of endangered animals and improving tourism.
- Nepalis home to one of the largest concentrations of the Royal Bengal Tigers. It has the second-highest concentration of one-horned rhino.
- Nepalis home to the largest herd of Swamp deer on earth.
Therefore, the Top 50 Amazing Facts About Nepal are listed above.
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