Solukhumbu District is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. As the name suggests, it consists of the subregions Solu and Khumbu. The district, with Salleri as its headquarters, covers an area of 3,312 km2 (1,279 sq mi) and had a population 107,686 in 2001 and 105,886 in 2011.

Mount Everest is in the northern part of this district, within Sagarmatha National Park. Indigenous ethnic Kulung, Kirat Rai and hill caste Chhetri are the main groups living in the mid-hills, while Sherpas occupy the high mountains.

Historically, Solukhumbhu was part of Kirata Kingdoms in the early and medieval era. It was a part of Majhkirat (central province or region of Kirat Kingdoms). Before the unification of Nepal by King of Gorkha, the area of the Solukhumbu district were part of Chaudandi of Majhkirat. In 1773 AD King of Gorkha attacked and absorbed it in Nepal.

The Solukhumbu district established in 1962 carving out the old East No. 3 district. Before 1962 present of this district, Okhaldhunga and some parts of Khotang previously were one district “East No. 3″. Solu and Rawa thumbs (county) carved out from East No. 3 to create Solukhumbu District.

Solukhumbu is a Himalayan district of Province No. 1 of Nepal, situated on the north-west corner of the province. It is one out of 3 Himalayan districts of Province No. 1. The total area of the district is 3,312 square kilometres (1,279 sq mi). It is situated between Lat. 27°20’39” to 28°6’24” North and Long. 86°0’21” to 87°0’1″ East.

Lower Solukhumbu (lower parts of Solukhumbu District) is the part of Mid-hills region. It is less famous for trekking. Sherpa also is the main inhabitants with another cast in this region. Salleri, Chaulakharka, Salyan, Kangel, Sotang etc. are the town in lower Solukhumbu.

Climate Zone Elevation Range % of Area
Upper tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nival above 5,000 meters 24.4%


This District is a familiar name in mountain tourism. The main attraction is Mount Everest (8,848m). UNESCO has listed the Sagarmatha National Park as a World Heritage site. Sherpa culture and Tengboche Monastery are unique to this district. The Khumjung village is famous for Sherpa culture. Gokyo valley and Khumbu valley are the major Himalayan valleys famous among the adventure and nature seekers.

Gokyo Lake trek, Island peak climbing, Solukhumbu, Mera Peak climbing, Mount Everest Expedition, Amadablam expedition, and Lobuche peak climbing are the popular adventure trips in this district. This district is well known for adventure holidays.

Solududhkunda: The only municipality of Solukhumbu

Solududhkunda is the only municipality of Solukhumbu District. Located in Province No. 1 of Nepal. The town of Salleri, which is located within the municipality is the headquarter of Solukhumbu District. It was formed in 2014 by merging four VDCs: Salleri, Garma, Loading Tamakhani and Beni and was divided into 9 wards. The total area of the municipality had 254.3 square kilometres (98.2 sq mi) and population of the municipality had 20,399 individuals living in 5,368 households (2011 Nepal census).

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By Satyal

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