Siraha District is a district in Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. It is situated in the Terai belt of Nepal. The district, with Siraha as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,188 km2 (459 sq mi). It has a population of 637,328 according to the census of 2011. Majority of the population here is Yadav, Tharus, Muslims and ethnic minorities with majority population speaking Maithili language and Nepali language.

Lahan, Nepal is the biggest city and is popular for Sagarmatha Chaudhary Eye Hospital. It lies in Mahendra highway. Thadi is the main entry point for the district form India and a very old border town and a market place of Nepal in Siraha District bordering Indian town of Laukaha.

Thadi is one of the few towns which is a part of the agreed route for Mutual Trade between India and Nepal.[1] Nepal Government has set up a dedicated customs office in the town. The town connects Lahan, Nepal to India.

There are no airports in this district but Rajbiraj Airport in nearby Saptari district is the nearest airport to the district, roughly 28-58 km away from various locations. Shree Airlines operates daily flights between Rajbiraj and Kathmandu.

Thadi in Siraha is a part of one of the agreed route for Mutual Trade and the custom point between India and Nepal.[4] Nepal Government has set up a dedicated customs office in the town [5] and Government of India has set up a Land Customs Station. [6]. So in simple import and export are allowed through this point.

The largest town is Lahan, where there is a popular Eye Hospital by the name of Sagarmatha Choudhary Eye Hospital, Lahan.

The district is well connected with Mahendra Highway as this national Highway passes right through the district while connecting all the major towns. Other rural municipalities are also well connected by Postal Highway which is under construction and taking shape rapidly. Another major project i.e. East-West Railway also will run through this district in future and is in the process of development.

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Siraha District had a population of 637,328. Of these, 85.8% spoke Maithili, 4.3% Nepali, 3.6% Urdu, 2.7% Tharu, 1.0% Tamang and 0.8% Magar as their first language. 42.9% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 5.0% Hindi and 3.9% Maithili as their second language.[8]

English and Nepali are two major medium of written and spoken languages used in schools and public and government offices.

Siraha: The Headquarters of Siraha District

Siraha is the headquarters and municipality of Siraha District, a part of Province No. 2, Nepal. Siraha had a population of 28,442 according to the census of 2011 and a population of 82,531 as of 2015. The mayor is Asheswor Yadava and the deputy mayor is Dr Namita Yadav. Both assumed office on 25 September 2017. The town is at 80 metres (260 ft) altitude, 29 kilometres (18 mi) ESE of Janakpur.

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By Satyal

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