Sinja Valley || Birthplace of modern Nepali language

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Sinja Valley

The Sinja Valley is located in the Jumla District in Karnali Province, of Nepal. It is the place from where the Nepali language originated. Hence, it is the birthplace of modern Nepali language. The earliest examples of the Devanagari script from the 13th Century were found on the cliffs and in nearby Dullu.


Sinja Valley contains the archaeological evidence of the capital city of the well organized and influential Western Malla or Khasa Kingdom of the 12th and 14th Centuries. After the 14th Century, the Khasa Kingdom split into the Baise or Twenty-Two Kingdoms. The kingdoms existed until the unification of Nepal in the late 18th Century. The founder of Sinja valley was Nagraj.

A remarkable ring of huge monolithic stone columns were found surrounding the ruins of the ancient settlement with a Malla gateway and steps. Likewise, earthen pipes were excavated testifying to an elaborate water supply system. Across from the Hima River, there are caves with ancient votive Buddhist chaityas and cliff inscriptions. Even today also, ancient rites of the Masto (Shamans) are in practice in many of the stone Dewals or temples.

World Heritage Status

This valley was incorporated in the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Site on January 30, 2008 in the Cultural category. Excavations carried out together by the Department of Archeology and Cambridge University discovered the remains of old palaces, temples like Kanak Sundari, Tripura Sundari, and the old settlements in and around Sinja Valley.


Maliko Bota; above the Sinja Valley is the bordering area to Mugu district. It is a gateway to mighty and majestic Rara Lake.

Moreover, there are several sites in the area which originate from the Khasa Kingdom such as the Surkhet Valley, the site of the Kankre Bihar, and Dullu. Here, various structures have been found such as Dewal, Stone columns and the ruins of palaces.

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30 thoughts on “Sinja Valley || Birthplace of modern Nepali language”
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