Sindhupalchok District is a part of Bagmati Pradesh and one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, with an area of 2,542 km2 (981 sq mi). The district’s headquarters is in Chautara. In 2006, 336,478 people resided in 79 village development committees, in 2011 there were 287,798.
The climatic zones found in the district comprise:
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters|
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters|
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters|
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters|
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters|
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||9.1%|
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Sindhupalchok District had a population of 287,798. Of these, 53.4% spoke Nepali, 32.6% Tamang, 5.9% Newari, 2.7% Sherpa, 1.7% Hyolmo/Yolmo, 1.2% Danuwar and 1.1% Thami as their first language. 41.0% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 0.9% Tamang as their second language.
The district consists of 12 Municipalities, out of which three are urban municipalities and nine are rural municipalities. These are as follows:
- Chautara Sangachowkgadi
- Balephi Rural Municipality
- Sunkoshi Rural Municipality
- Indrawati Rural Municipality
- Jugal Rural Municipality
- Panchpokhari Thangpal Rural Municipality
- Bhotekoshi Rural Municipality
- Lisankhu Pakhar Rural Municipality
- Helambu Rural Municipality
- Tripurasundari Rural Municipality
Although this district is close to Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, it is one of the least developed districts in Nepal. The Arniko Highway, also called Kathmandu–Kodari Highway, extending 114 km (71 mi) from Kathmandu to Kodari links this district with Tibet. The district is mountainous and rich in natural resources.
The district is easily accessible from Kathmandu. People depend entirely on agriculture for their survival. Since the district is hilly, the land is not very fertile, and the yield is very low. Almost every VDC has access to electricity, and roads connecting to the highway. Many NGOs and INGOs are working in the district in order to improve the living standards.
The Bhote Koshi, Indrawati, Sun Kosi and Bramhayani rivers flow through this district. Sunkoshi Hydropower station and Upper Bhotekoshi Hydropower station are hydropower stations connected to the national grid. Many small and large hydroelectricity plants are being constructed in different places. Seven FM radio stations also operate from Melchaur, Melamchi and Bahrabise.
There are more than half a dozen colleges offering bachelor’s degrees in Sindhupalchok. More than 25 schools are running +2 level programs. Chautara campus has just started science course at +2 level. There are generally one or more high schools in each VDC within Sindhupalchok. Chautara Campus, Thokarpa Community Campus, Sunkoshi Campus, and Jalbire Valley Campus are some leading educational institutions. Higher-level education is only available in chautara, bahrabise, kavre and Kathmandu.
There are more than 10 newspapers that publish news from the district and several monthly magazines. The newspapers have played a vital role in providing immediate news and information to the people in printed format.
Chautara: The Headquarters of Sindhupalchok
Chautara Sangachowkgadi is a municipality in Sindhupalchowk District in Bagmati Pradesh of central Nepal. The municipality was established on 18 May 2014 by merging Pipaldanda, Chautara, Kubhinde, Sanusiruwari Village Development Committees as Chautara Municipality.
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