Sindhuli District is a part of Bagmati Pradesh, is one of the seventy-Seven districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Sindhulimadhi Kamalamai as its district headquarters and covers an area of 2,491 km2 (962 sq mi). In 2001, it had a population of 279,821, in 2011 the population was 296,192.

Before being annexed as an integral part of Nepal, it was under the governance of Makwani king. During 1530 Raghab Narendra Sen was the King of Makwanpur and was renowned as this district. He had outside the settlement over this region. Since then it got the name as the district.

At the ancient time the great saint used to dwell in the hill (1077 m above sea level) of nowadays Sindhuli madi. He was popular as Siddha Baba (one who got enlightened) among residents of Sindhuli district. This place got its naming under his name and began to be called as Siddhasthali. With time it got deviated and began to be pronounced as Sindhuli.

An indigenous group (Tamangs) were predominant in this region. These indigenous people call Singthuwa for cutting down tree and Sinthuji for collecting timber. Due to the presence of intense forest within this region, the herding of goats was popular and way of living was dependent on agriculture and forest resources. Over time due to gradual deviation in the naming this region got its name as Sindhuli.

This place has a huge historic significance. The Sindhuli Gadhi in this district is the place where British soldiers were defeated for the first time in Asia in 1767 A.D. The British under the leadership of Captain Kinloch came to help the then ruler of Kathmandu, Jai Prakash Malla against the attack of Prithvi Narayan Shah. The Gurkha soldiers were familiar with the terrain and they utilized it to the fullest.

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, this District had a population of 296,192. Of these, 48.2% spoke Nepali, 26.0% Tamang, 10.8% Magar, 5.7% Danuwar, 2.4% Newari, 1.6% Maithili, 1.6% Majhi, 1.6% Sunuwar and 0.4% Rai as their first languages. 40.6% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 0.9% Tamang, 0.8% Magar, 0.6% Bantawa and 0.5% Danuwar as their second language.

This district especially Kamalamai Municipality has a good facility of education up to SEE levels. The quality of +2 levels is fine here. Many private colleges run +2 commerce affiliated to NEB. However, the number of +2 science colleges are very few. Science college like Kamala Higher Secondary School is providing good practical based education to students of Sindhuli. This college has been serving as the centre of excellence for all science students throughout Sindhuli valley.

There are also colleges to teach technical educations. The technical subjects affiliated with CTEVT; mainly Civil Overseer i.e. Sub Engineer, to are taught here. Like everywhere, educational facilitates are seen to be centralized in the headquarters.

There are many colleges which facilitate higher education. There are a large number of colleges running courses with affiliation to universities of Nepal. Colleges like Sindhuli Multiple Campus fall under this category. Kamala Science Campus enables students to acquire Bachelor of Science courses (BSc.).

Climate Zone Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 13.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.


Kamalamai: The Municipality of This District

Kamalamai is a municipality in Sindhuli District, in the Bagmati Pradesh of central south Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it had a population of 39,413 people in 9,304 households. The city is located in the Sindhuli Valley of central south Nepal. The historic symbol of the valley, Sindhuli Gadhi fort, is at the peak of a hill of the Mahabharata range. The city is in the plain valley made by the Kamla River. Kamalamai Municipality is the largest municipality of Nepal according to the area.

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