Saptari is a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. Its district headquarters in Rajbiraj. Saptari is an Outer Terai district. This district covers an area of 1,363 km2 (526 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 639,284 which makes it the 10th most populated district of Nepal. Saptari is renowned for its agricultural output and is bordered on the east by the massive Sapta Koshi river.

There are nine municipalities in Saptari: Dakneshwori, Rajbiraj, Bodebarsain, Hanumannagar Yoginimai, Kanchanrup, Saptakoshi, surunga, Shambhunath and Khadak. Other small towns include Mahuli, Kathauna Bazar, Pato and Itahari Bishnupur with the area government “Machha Palan Kendra” fish farming centre.

The famous Chhinnamasta temple is one of the shakti peeths and Kankalini Temple is also located in Saptari District. Various local and national newspapers and intellectuals have requested the Nepal government act swiftly and punish all those who are involved in corruption and delay in infrastructure creation so that the work can start as soon as possible.

Climate Zone Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 94.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Saptari District had a population of 639,284. Of these, 79.1% spoke Maithili, 10.4% Tharu, 4.1% Nepali and 3.9% Urdu as their first language.

40.5% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 5.9% Hindi, 3.0% Maithili, 1.3% Tharu and 0.9% Urdu as their second language.

Rajbiraj: The Headquarters of Saptari District

Rajbiraj is a mid-sized municipality located in the south-eastern part of Province No. 2 of Nepal. Rajbiraj is the district headquarters of Saptari and is the eighth-largest city in the province. The township of Rajbiraj was designed in 1938 based on influence from the Indian city of Jaipur – thus making it the first township in Nepal to receive urban planning. It was declared a municipality in 1959. According to the 2011 census, the city had a population of 69,803 and was the 33rd largest municipality in Nepal. The city area is spread over 55.64 km2 (21.48 sq mi) and comprises 16 wards.

The city is named after the ancient temple of Rajdevi, built by the Sena kings in the early 14th century. Rajbiraj has prominently served as a politically active town in the modern history of Nepal and has been the hometown to a number of icons of the nation. Rajbiraj comes under the Saptari 2(B) assembly constituency which elects a member to the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2 once every five years and it is a part of the Saptari 2 constituency which elects its MP once in five years.

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By Satyal

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