Sankhuwasabha || One of the 14 Districts of Province No.1



Sankhuwasabha District is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district’s area is 3,480 km² with a population of 159,203 in 2001 and 158,742 in 2011. The administrative centre is Khandbari.

Bordering districts are Bhojpur, Terhathum and Dhankuta in Koshi Zone; Solukhumbu in Sagarmatha Zone; and Taplejung in Mechi Zone. Tingri County of Shigatse Prefecture in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China borders to the north.

Climate ZoneElevation Range% of Area
Lower Tropicalbelow 300 meters (1,000 ft) 0.3%
Upper Tropical300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nivalabove 5,000 meters20.4%


The Arun River enters from Tibet at an elevation of about 3,500 meters (11,500 feet) and flows south across the district, forming one of the world’s deepest valleys relative to 8,481 meters Makalu to the west and 8,586 meters Kangchenjunga to the east.

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Sankhuwasabha District had a population of 158,742. Of these, 46.2% spoke Nepali, 8.8% Tamang, 8.0% Sherpa, 6.6% Kulung, 5.0% Limbu, 4.3% Yakkha, 3.2% Yamphu, 2.9% Gurung, 2.3% Magar, 2.2% Rai, 1.9% Newari, 1.8% Lohorung, 1.6% Mewahang, 1.1% Khaling, 0.9% Chamling and 0.6% Thulung as their first language. 48.3% of the population in the district spoke Nepali as their second language.

Khandbari: The administrative center of Sankhuwasabha

Khandbari is the district headquarters of Sankhuwasabha District in Province No. 1 of north-eastern Nepal. The 2011 Nepal census counted 26,301 population.

A road connects Khandbari directly south to Biratnagar and the Terai. Khandbari will be soon connected with Kimmathanka and Tibet. Khandbari is the fastest growing city and most developed among the Hilly region. Khandbari’s reputed schools include Barun Secondary English School, Surya Higher Secondary Boarding School, Bagishwari Secondary School, Makalu English Boarding School and Sunshine English Secondary Boarding School.

Arun III Hydropower project is located nearby. About 3 km north from Khandbari lies another small bazaar known as Manebhanjyang which is an emerging business centre peak in the world. A road has already been constructed that connects khandbari directly to Biratnagar. Its border districts are Bhojpur, Solukhumbu, Taplejung, Terhathum and Dhankuta. The change in the political situation in the country has given much hope for the residents of the district for its rapid development. Arun III Hydropower project is one of the major subjects that really matter to the residents.

The hospital in Khandbari is described as “comparatively well-equipped”, and has received patients from surrounding areas arriving on foot and by chartered helicopters.

Khandbari is the main departure point for trekking to Mount Makalu, 5th highest peak in the world and Makalu Barun National Park.

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