Sagarmatha National Park
Encircled by mighty Mount Everest, and other peaks, deep ravines, and Himalayan glaciers; Sagarmatha National Park is one of the most scenic masterpieces on Earth, located in north-east Nepal. It encompasses an area of 1,148 km2 in the Solukhumbu District.
The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,845m at Monjo to the top of the world’s highest Himal – Sagarmatha at 8,848m above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku.
Nestled at a distance of 135 km from Kathmandu, this park is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and one of the Sacred Himalayan Landscapes.
Flora and Fauna
The vegetation found at the lower altitude of the park includes pine and hemlock forests, white fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron, scrub and alpine plant communities are common at the higher altitude. The park is home to the red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, marten, Himalayan mouse hare (pika). It also homes over 118 species of bird including the Impeyan pheasant, snow cock, blood pheasant, red-billed cough, etc.
The government of Nepal has declared a buffer zone in and around the park in 2002 with the objective of reducing biotic pressure in the slow-growing vegetation. The government has also made a provision of plowing back 30 – 50 percent of the revenue earned by the park to community development activities in the buffers zone. In collaboration with local people, it aims to conserve biodiversity in the region. Popular Trekking Routes The trek from Namche to Kala Pathar is very popular. Gokyo Lake and Chukung valleys also provide spectacular views. The Thame Valley is popular for Sherpa culture while Phortse is famous for wildlife viewing. There are some high passes worth crossing over. However, the trekkers must have a guide and proper equipment for the trek.
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