Rolpa is a “hill” district some 280 km west of Kathmandu in Province No. 5 in midwestern Nepal. It covers an area of 1,879 km2 with the population (2011) of 221,177. Libang is the district’s administrative centre.
Rolpa is an underdeveloped area. It is a major flashpoint of the 1996-2006 Civil War.
Adjoining districts are Dang to the south, Pyuthan to the east, Salyan to the west and Rukum to the north. Before the unification of Nepal by Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1769, Rolpa was a buffer between the Chaubisi to the east and the Baise confederation to the west.
This district drains southward by the Madi Khola from a complex of 3,000 to 4,000-meter ridges about 50 kilometres south of the Dhaulagiri Himalaya. This mountainous barrier historically isolated Rolpa by encouraging travellers between India and Tibet.
It encouraged to detour to follow easier routes to the east or west, while east-west travellers found easier routes to the north through Dhorpatan Valley. Or to the south through Dang Valley or along the Mahabharat Range.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Rolpa District had a population of 224,506. Out of which 86.1% speak Nepali, 10.6% Magar and 2.6% Kham as their first language.
This district is one of the most remote districts in Nepal in terms of Health services some notable Health care centres being Rolpa District Hospital, Jeevan Anmol Hospital and Jan Namuna Hospital.
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