Ramechhap District is a part of Bagmati Pradesh, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, known as Kirat, with Manthali as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,546 km2 (597 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 202,646 and a density of 137.4 per km2.
According to LLRCNepal, there are now eight local administrations in the district: Manthali Municipality, Ramechhap Municipality, Umakunda Rural Municipality, Khandadevi Rural Municipality, Gokulganga Rural Municipality, Doramba Rural Municipality, Likhu Rural Municipality and Sunapati Rural Municipality.
The district has the highest population of the endangered native group the Kusunda and has the lowest population growth rate in Nepal.
The district was named after Ramechhap village. The word of this district comes from two Nepali words, Ram (person’s name) and Chhap (mark). According to folklore, the village of Ramechhap was once occupied by Tamang people. A Tamang of the village, Ram by name received mukhtiyari of the village by royal decree. So, the land ownership and other legal activities were performed in the village by the stamp (chhap) of Ram.
Similarly, according to another folklore, the grassland of Ramechhap village was occupied by Tamang people. Those people daily used to rear their domesticated animals such as Buffalo, Goat and others in the open meadow. In Tamang language, “Ra” means Goat, “Mey” means ox, and “Chhawa” means their small offspring. By the time and mouth to mouth pronunciation, the meadow has become “Ramechhap” and later the place has been named Ramechhap. Hence, the district is called Ramechhap.
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||7.3%|
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Ramechhap District had a population of 202,646. Of these, 59.5% spoke Nepali, 18.2% Tamang, 6.9% Newari, 5.1% Sherpa, 3.7% Sunuwar, 2.1% Majhi, 2.0% Magar, 1.0% Thami and 0.5% Hyolmo/Yolmo as their first language. 35.5% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 0.5% Bahing as their second language.
Manthali: The headquarter of Ramechhap
Manthali is a municipality and the headquarter of this District in Bagmati Pradesh of Nepal that was established on 2 December 2014 by merging the former Village development committees Old-Manthali, Bhatauli, Chisapani, Kathjor, Bhaluwajor, Salupati and Sunarpani. It was declared the headquarters of the district on 9 March 1989 (26 Falgun 2045 BS). It lies on the bank of Tamakoshi River. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it had a population of 45,416 people living in 10,099 individual households.
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