Pyuthan District is a “hill” district some 250 km west of Kathmandu in Province No. 5 in midwestern Nepal. It covers an area of 1,309 km2 (505 sq mi) with a population of 212,484 in 2001 and 226,796 in 2011. Pyuthan Khalanga is the district’s administrative centre.
Pyuthan borders Dang Deukhuri District to the southwest along the crest of the Mahabharat Range and extends about 50 km northeast through the Middle Hills to a 3,000+ meter ridge. That is both Pyuthan’s border with Baglung district of Dhaulagiri Zone and the main watershed between the (west) Rapti and Gandaki River basins.
The valley of Jhimruk Khola is the core of this district. Its alluvial plain is intensively planted in rice during the summer monsoon. Wheat is grown as the winter crop. Madi Khola has eroded an inner gorge and is less suited to traditional irrigated agriculture.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, this District had a population of 228,102. Out of which, 96.1% speak Nepali, 2.3% Magar and 0.7% Newari as their first language.
The valleys have a subtropical climate with temperatures reaching 40 Celsius in May and falling to single digits in winter. There is a little too much winter chill for bananas and papayas.
At Cherneta the Jhimruk hydroelectric project exploits the Jhimruk bending within 2 km of Madi Khola while some 200 meters higher.
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