Okhaldhunga District is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 in eastern Nepal. The district, with Okhaldhunga as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,074.5 km2 (414.9 sq mi) and had a population of 156,702 in 2001 and 147,984 in 2011.
This district is the place where Siddhicharan Shrestha and was born. Siddhicharan Shrestha is known as the ‘Yug Kawi (युगकवी)’ of Nepal.
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters|
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters|
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters|
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, this District had a population of 147,984. Of these, 57.9% spoke Nepali, 9.2% Tamang, 8.9% Magar, 6.8% Sherpa, 4.8% Wambule, 3.8% Bahing, 2.1% Sunuwar, 1.9% Rai, 1.1% Newari, 1.0% Jero/Jerung and 0.5% Bhojpuri as their first language. 35.8% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 1.4%, 0.6% Bahing as their second language.
Okhaldhunga: The Headquarters of Okhaldhunga District
Okhaldhunga is the headquarters of Okhaldhunga District, in the Sagarmatha Zone of Nepal. It falls in Siddhicharan Municipality. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 3761 living in 790 individual households.
The district gets its name from “okhal”, meaning a grinding stone. As if in evidence of the same, a large grinding stone still lies at the district headquarters, which is also named Okhaldhuga.
The district contains ancient forts such as Okhaldhunga Gadhi, Taluwagadhi, Chisankhukot, Bhaluithumkagadhi, and Chyanmakotgadhi that were important in the history of Nepal.
The birthplace of the Nepalese poet, Siddhicharan Shrestha, Okhaldhunga is also known as the ‘District of Martyrs’. It is believed that more than 56 citizens of the area died in the Nepalese struggle for democracy.
The district provides scenic views of snow-capped mountains Sagaramatha, Kanchenjanga, Gaurishankar, Tholedemba, Taklung, Rawadelu and many others. It also possesses many sparkling springs like Pokali, Lipu, Patle, Sepli, Dhikure and more, which descend along the hills from heights of around 300 metres.
The district is known as a good source of slate, especially on cliffs like Khiji Khijee, Ragani and Dandapakha. The proper development of the slate industry, with procurement, processing and transporting to lucrative markets could be a boon not just for Okhaldhunga but the entire nation. Other industries that could be developed are copper and iron ore mining as the district is said to be rich in these metals. In the agricultural sector, the district is well known for various cash crops such as tea, coffee, and cardamom. The climate is most suitable for these crops as well as for many different citrus fruits.
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