Mahottari District is a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Jaleshwar as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,002 km2 (387 sq mi) and had a population of 553,481 in 2001 and 627,580 in 2011. Its headquarters is located in Jaleshwar, a neighbouring town of the historical city of Janakpur.

The name Jaleshwar means the ‘God in Water’. One can find a famous temple of Lord Shiva in Water there. Jaleshwar lies at a few kilometres distance from the Nepal-India border and has a majority Maithili population. In Janakpur zone there are two districts; Mahottari and Dhanusha and both are in a distance of 1 hour.

Climate Zone Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 85.0%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Mahottari District had a population of 627,580. Of these, 80.7% spoke Maithili, 7.3% Urdu, 5.6% Nepali, 1.9% Magar, 1.4% Tamang, 1.1% Tharu and 0.9% Magahi as their first language. 35.1% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 23.0% Nepali, 3.6% Maithili and 1.3% Urdu as their second language.

Jaleshwar: The Headquarters of Mahottari

This place is famous for the holy temple of Jaleshwarnath Mahadev, dedicated to Lord Shiva. Jaleswar is the second-largest business centre in Mahottari District, Nepal. Given the importance of the temple, the place is named after it. This place witnesses a huge gathering in the month of Shravan [July–August] as this month is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Parvati. This place is also famous for goddess Sansari Mai which is situated in the heart of Jaleshwornagar.

Temperature highly affects the lifestyle of Jaleshwar. Due to extreme heat in the summer season, people wear light cotton clothes and rarely come out during the day time. While in the winter season, the temperature may drop to 10-15 °C during which people wear thick woollen clothes.

Restaurants and hotels in Jaleshwar are famous for its samosas, chaat, golgappas, dahibada, momos (Nepalese-style Dumplings), sekuwa (roasted spiced-meat). Samosas, chaat, Katti roll, golgappas and sekuwa from Jaleshwar are considered to be the most delicious in this region. It is also famous for peeda (milk item).

The city also has religious significance. Jaleshwarnath Temple is a renowned temple for Hindu devotees in the country as well as those from nearest border cities of India.

Jaleshwar is located in the Mahottari District in the south-eastern region of Nepal (Terai region), with a total population of 23533. The climate is subtropical and the temperature varies between a maximum of 42 °C and a minimum of 12 °C. People of Jaleshwor wear dhoti kurta pandjamma and women wear Saree blouse due to Indian border and Kathmandu are many of people attract in western culture.

Jaleshwar is located 15 km south of Janakpur. Jaleshwar has fully operational bus and mini-bus services that reach almost all parts of this region that connected by roadways, almost including all the major hubs in the country. The main hub for buses is Jaleshwar Buspark, while small transits are located in several other places in the city like Buddhajibi chok, maccha Bazar. Short routes are generally covered by e-rickshaw and mini-bus, while luxury coaches are available for long routes to destinations like Kathmandu, Birgunj, etc. The country’s longest highway – Mahendra Highway – is linked from the city centre.

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