Langtang National Park
Established in 1976, Langtang National Park is the fourth national park in Nepal which came into existence as the first Himalayan National Park.
Langtang’s protected area extends from an altitudinal range of 6,450 m (21,160 ft) and covers an area of 1,710 km2 (660 sq mi). The park gets bisected by the Gosainkunda lake and the Dorje Lakpa range from east-west to southeast. The highest point in the park is the summit of Langtang Lirung(7,245 m (23,770 ft).
The northern and eastern border of the national park runs along the international border to Tibet. The western boundary follows the rivers Bhote Kosi and Trisuli and the southern border lies 32 km (20 mi) north of the Kathmandu Valley.
Some of the most attractive areas of the park include the Langtang Valley, the holy lakes at Gosainkunda, and the forested hillsides above the village of Helambu. Langtang National Park represents some of the best examples of graded climatic conditions in the central Himalaya. Elevation gradients (ranging from mid-hills to alpine) coupled with complex topography and geology have produced rich biodiversity.
Flora and Fauna
Langtang National Park exhibits a high diversity of 14 vegetation types in 18 ecosystem types, ranging from upper tropical forests below 1,000 m (3,300 ft) m altitude to alpine scrub and perennial ice. The deep gorges of Bhote Koshi and Langtang Khola are thickly forested with rhododendron, oak, maple, and alder.
Places of interest
Three main trek routes Langtang Valley, Helambu, and Gosaikunda Lake cover much of the Langtang National park and the southern Helambu region. Langtang and Helambu regions are connected through Lauribina La. The park offers a choice of moderate to more difficult hiking with duration ranging from 3 days to 3 weeks.
Trekkers who take extra time to explore trailside wilderness (e.g. near Ghora Tabela and Kyanjin) hilltop viewpoint (Kyanjin), and cultural sites (notably in Langtang village and Melamchighyang. Tarkeghayang and Shemathang) will be well rewarded. One has to be self-sustaining to venture remote areas of the Park such as Panch Pokhari (five lakes), east of Helambu, the toe of Langshisa glacier, and upper-level valley from Kyanjin: and over the challenging Ganja La pass in upper Langtang Valley.
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