Lalitpur District is a part of Bagmati Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Lalitpur as its district headquarters, covers an area of 385 km2 (149 sq mi) and has a population (2001) of 337,785. It is one of the three districts in the Kathmandu Valley, along with Kathmandu and Bhaktapur. Its population was 466,784 in the initial 2011 census tabulation. It is surrounded by Makwanpur, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu & Kavre.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Lalitpur District had a population of 468,132. Of these, 47.7% spoke Nepali, 29.7% Newari, 11.3% Tamang, 2.5% Maithili, 1.5% Magar, 1.1% Rai, 1.0% Bhojpuri, 0.7% Tharu, 0.6% Gurung, 0.6% Limbu and 0.5% Hindi as their first language. 44.4% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 1.9% English and 0.5% Newari as their second language.
There are six municipalities in Lalitpur District, including three Rural Municipalities and one Metropolitan city:
- Lalitpur Metropolitan City
- Mahalaxmi Municipality
- Godawari Municipality
- Konjyoson Rural Municipality
- Bagmati Rural Municipality
- Mahankal Rural Municipality
Lalitpur: The Headquarters of Lalitpur District
Lalitpur Metropolitan City, historically Patan, is the third-largest city of Nepal after Kathmandu and Pokhara and it is located in the south-central part of Kathmandu Valley which is a new metropolitan city of Nepal.
It is also known as Manigal. It is best known for its rich cultural heritage, particularly its tradition of arts and crafts. It is called the city of festival and feast, fine ancient art, making of metallic and stone carving statue. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it had a population of 226,728 in 54,748 individual households. The city received extensive damage from an earthquake on 25 April 2015.
It is on the elevated tract of land in Kathmandu Valley on the south side of the Bagmati River, which separates it from the city of Kathmandu on the northern and western side. The Nakkhu Khola acts as the boundary on the southern side. It was developed on relatively thin layers of deposited clay and gravel in the central part of a dried ancient lake known as the Nagdaha.
Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is “Cfa” (Humid Subtropical Climate).
The city was initially designed in the shape of the Buddhist Dharma-Chakra (Wheel of Righteousness). The four Thurs or mounds on the perimeter of Patan have ascribed around, one at each corner of its cardinal points, which are popularly known as Asoka Stupas. Legend has it that Emperor Asoka (the legendary King of India) visited with his daughter Charumati to Kathmandu in 250 BC and erected five Asoka Stupas, four in the surrounding and one at the middle of the Patan. The size and shape of these stupas seem to breathe their antiquity in a real sense. There are more than 1,200 Buddhist monuments of various shapes and sizes scattered in and around the city.
Walking is the easiest method of transportation within the city as the core is densely populated. In terms of motor transport, Kathmandu Ring Road which encircles the central part of the valley is a strategic road in the city. Connection to Kathmandu over the Bagmati River is provided by a host of road and pedestrian bridges. The most trafficked and important bridge connecting to the centre of Kathmandu is Thapathali Bridge. Since pedestrians and vehicles often have to share the same road, traffic congestion is a major problem in Patan. Efforts are being made to widen roads to make them more suitable for vehicular traffic.
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