KP OLI BIOGRAPHY 2021- Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli was born on 22 February 1952, commonly known as K. P. Sharma Oli, is a Nepalese politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal. He previously served as Prime Minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016 and was the first elected PM under the new Constitution of Nepal.

Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli was born on 22 February 1952 in Aathrai, Tehrathum, Nepal. He is the eldest child of Mohan Prasad and Madhumaya Oli in a farming family. Oli was raised by his grandmother, Rammaya after his mother died of smallpox when he was four. He completed his primary school education in Tehrathum and moved to Jhapa in 1962.

Oli began his political career in 1966 in opposition to the partyless Panchayat system in place at the time. He joined the Communist Party of Nepal in February 1970. He was involved in subversive politics and was arrested for the first time in 1970.


A year later he became a district committee member of the party and soon the chief of the Jhapa Movement Organizing Committee in 1972. Oli was imprisoned for 14 consecutive years from 1973 to 1987 for being against the autocratic Panchayat system. After his release from prison in 1987, he became a central committee member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and in-charge of the Lumbini zone until 1990.

Oli was elected as Prime Minister in a parliamentary vote on 11 October 2015, receiving 338 votes out of 597. Oli’s candidacy was supported by the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Rashtriya Prajatantra Party Nepal, and Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum along with 13 other small parties. He was sworn in on 12 October.


His first stint was dominated by the economic blockade imposed by India upon the promulgation of the constitution of Nepal. He took a defiant stance against India’s position to amend the constitution and signed trade and transit treaties with China to counter Indian dependence.

Following the withdrawal of support from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) on 13 July 2016 from the existing coalition government and subsequent registration of a no-confidence motion by the party on 14 July 2016, CPN (UML) and prime minister Oli seemingly shrank into a minority which pressured him to resign. But CPN (UML)’s decision to discuss the filed no-confidence motion led to a three-day parliament meeting of the concerned parties. KP OLI BIOGRAPHY 2021

During the process, two other major parties, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum, also removed their support from the coalition. On the third day, 24 July 2016, after addressing the opposition parties in parliament, Oli announced his resignation. The Indian government has been accused for creating this political scenario against Oli as he stood firmly against the economic blockade imposed by India.

He was appointed Prime Minister for a second time on 15 February 2018 after CPN (UML) became the largest party in the House of Representatives following the 2017 legislative elections with support from Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre), the same party whose withdrawal of support had led to resignation in his first term.

e passed a motion of confidence with on 11 March 2018 with 208 out of 268 votes in the 275-member House of Representatives. He has been criticized for poor investigation in searching the murderers of Nirmala Panta leading to nationwide protests. In May 2020, the Oli government unveiled new maps of the country including the disputed territories of Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura in response to the inauguration of a road across the Lipulekh pass by the Indian government, which has led to a “cartographic war” between the two countries. KP OLI BIOGRAPHY 2021

Oli is married to Radhika Shakya. He met his wife, a fellow communist, after he was released from prison. They first met during party activities and married later.


Oli has undergone kidney transplant for two times. The first transplant was done in 2007 in Apollo Hospital at New Delhi. The second transplant was carried out in 2020 in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Nepal. For the second transplant, he received kidney from a 32 year old Samikshya Sangraula who is reportedly Oli’s niece by relation. A senior transplant surgeon from New Delhi,who had carried out transplant in 2007, was also present to assist the transplant.


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