Khokana is a tiny Newar traditional village, situated eight km south to Kathmandu city (on the outskirts of Patan). It is called as ‘living museum’ that recalls the medieval time when Nepal was ruled by Malla kings.
Khokana is a unique village which can be taken as a model of the medieval settlement pattern with a system of drainage and chowks. It houses chaityas and a Mother Goddess temple. The mustard-oil seed industry has become the living heritage of the village. It was also the first town in Nepal to be lit with electricity in 1911 AD during the reign of Rana Prime Minister Chandra Shamsher.
Traditions and Cultures
Khokana is known for its mustard-oil harvesting process in which a heavy wooden beam is used to crush the mustard seeds to extract the oil.Due to the influence of modern oil products, this traditional process of mustard-oil production is in less practice now.
Another practice unique to Khokana is that the people here do not keep chickens and hens. Ducks are domesticated instead and hence, one can see lots of duck and duckling in the street and ponds of Khokana village.
Women sitting outside spinning, men crushing seeds and other daily activities reflect the social and cultural life of local people.
There is a three-stored temple of Shree Rudrayani in the center of the town. In every January Khokana festival is held to showcase the unique aspects of the village which is well attended by the people from other villages and Kathmandu city.
Places of interest
Sikhli (Sikhali) Temple
Festivals and Rituals
Gaijatra (Gunhi punhi)
Paha – charhey
Khokana has been nominated to be listed as a Unesco World Heritage, representing a vernacular village and its mustard-oil seed industrial heritage.
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