Jhapa is a district of Province No. 1 in eastern Nepal named after a Rajbanshi word “Jhapa” meaning “cover”. The latest official data, the 2011 Nepal Census, puts the total population of the district at 812,650. Jhapa is one of the most ethnically diverse districts of the country and is home to 110 ethnic groups. The total area of the district is 1606 Square kilometres.
This district is the easternmost district of Nepal and lies in the fertile Terai plains. It is part of the Outer Terai. Jhapa borders with Ilam in the north, Morang in the west, the Indian state of Bihar in the south and the Indian state of West Bengal to the southeast and east. Geographically, it covers an area of 1,606 km2 (620 sq mi) and lies on 87º39’ east to 88º12’ east longitude and 26º20’ north to 26º50’ north latitude.
This district receives 250 to 300 cm of rainfall a year, and mostly during the monsoon season in the summer, and its hilly northern area receives more rainfall than the south. The maximum temperature is recorded 42º C in summer and 10ºC in winter. The lowest elevation point is 58 meter which is the lowest land of Nepal and the highest elevation point is 500 meter from mean sea level of the district.
The air quality of Jhapa is fairly moderate. In dry seasons AQ slightly goes down due to pollution in some parts of Business hubs like Birtamod and Damak. However, in monsoon seasons, the quality remains fairly moderate to good on average.
Jhapa’s economy has heavily relied on agriculture for the past some decades. However, after the 90s, industrialization has significantly taken pace. Due to the rapid growth of business hubs like Birtamode, urban mannered businesses are booming. Plus, still, agriculture is valid on rural areas of Jhapa.
Despite having fewer tourism sites as compared to its neighbouring districts like Ilam, Jhapa still has a lot to get from tourism. The starting point of eastern tourism epicentres like Ilam, Antu, Taplejung is centred in Jhapa. Youth earn a lot from Cab and Taxi driving as the narrow two-lane road of Mechi highway is not considered safe for buses.
Modern Jhapa holds lots of manufacturing companies which produce tons of exportable products.
Some major exports of Jhapa are:
- Tea- This district is the largest producer of tea in Nepal. So, tons of tea processing industries and businesses in this district are no surprise.
- Cement- Cement manufacturing is another one of the most important businesses of this district. Mansa Cement is an example.
- Other manufacturing business- This districts houses tons of small manufacturing businesses that produce exportable goods. Example, Grills, Aluminium, Copper, etc.
- Other Agricultural Business- Rural part of this district still relies on agricultural productions and business. It is the top paddy producer of Nepal followed by Morang. Due to its a fertile land, other cash crops like banana, coconuts and betel nuts (supari) is feasible and also exported to India.
This district has an average population density of around 428.4 per square kilometre. The district population growth rate is 1.84%. However, the growth is balanced and in-migration is rapidly increasing day to day from the rural area to in this district. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Jhapa District had a population of 812,650. Of these, 55.8% spoke Nepali, 10.3% Rajbanshi, 5.6% Limbu, 5.5% Maithili, 3.6% Santali, 2.5%Rai 2.4% Hindi, 2.1% Tamang, 1.5% Tajpuriya, 1.5% Newari, 1.3% Magar, 1.0% Dhimal, 0.8% Tharu, 0.7% Bengali, 0.6% Gurung and 0.5% Mech as their first language. 35.0% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 1.6% Rajbanshi.
Healthcare of this district is considered good. There are enough hospitals in towns and medical facility is available on all municipalities and rural-municipalities. Specialized hospitals like cancer hospital in Birtamod and snake-bite treatment hospital in Charali are also available. Jhapa also houses some of the best eye hospitals in Nepal. Eye patients from Bangladesh and India are observed a lot.
Infrastructural development in here took its pace in the last decades. Infrastructures of this district are considered some of the best in the nation. Every towns, villages and city are connected via road network and there is no town or village without the reach of electricity and internet.
Transportation options are pretty common in Jhapa and no different from the rest of the nation. There’s an airport in district capital Bhadrapur. Bus service and e-cabs (safari) are available all around Jhapa. Because of the wide road network, commuting around Jhapa in the bus is easy and affordable. High-speed bus service is available in major highways to commute through various highway-side towns like Itabhatta, Dhulabari and cities like Birtamod and Damak. Red-coloured buses indicate high-speed buses and green coloured buses indicate inter-district high-speed commute.
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