Humla is one of the remote and isolated districts in Nepal. It lies high in Himalaya in Karnali Pradesh. Humla is reachable only by foot or small aircraft which lands irregularly in the district headquarter, Simikot. It is one of the most isolated districts of Nepal where only one hospital and campus and few higher secondary schools serve whole people of the district.
Humla covers an area of 5,655 km2 (2,183 sq mi). It is the highest district in Nepal, with most villages lying at about 3,000m-5,000m above sea level. The climate is harsh. People in Humla experience snow for almost four months a year. Here, only 1% of the land is arable because of the rocky terrain. There is practically no irrigation, the soil is poor, and the land is very dry and arid.
The growing season is short, all of which contributes to low agricultural yields. Severe food shortages are a result of population growth (due to lack of access to family planning services), climate change and poor soil fertility. On average, most households only produce sufficient food for 3-5 months of the year.
In Humla the common means of transport are mules. They are used for bringing the required products from the Tibetan border to Simikot. Simikot is the headquarter of Humla, which is located at an elevation of 2945 meters.
According to the census taken in 2011, the population of Humla is 50,800. The majority of the district is populated by Hindus, Brahmins, Thakuris and mainly Chettris particularly in the southern part of the district.
People in Humla mainly speak in Humli Khas. 84.38% of the total population speak in Humli Khas.15.32% of the population speak in Lama Kham (closed to the Tibetan Language). It is believed that the origins of Humli Khas are from the Nepali language. The religions in here are Hinduism (78.2 %) and Buddhism (20.2 %).
Humla is rich in natural resources especially forest products, Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) and Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs). Due to the altitudinal and climatic variation, there are the following types of forests: Coniferous Forests (48.80 %), Hardwood Forests (4.14%), Mix Forests (41.00 %) and Shrublands (6.06 %).