Dhanusha District is a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. It is situated in the Outer Terai. The district, with Janakpur as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,180 km2 (460 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 754,777.

During the elections in April 2008, the district was divided into seven constituencies. It is also the home district of the first president of Nepal, Dr Ram Baran Yadav, who contested and won the elections from constituency 5. As a political centre of the region, it has prominent leaders like Bimalendra Nidhi from the Nepali Congress, Anand Yadav (Gangaram Yadav) from the CPN-UML, and Matrika Yadav and Surya Nath ran Yadav from the CPN-Maoist.

The most common language spoken in Dhanusha is Maithili.

Among the major places to visit in Dhanusa are its famous temples and ponds, mostly situated in Janakpur. These include the Janaki Temple, Dhanusadham where according to Hindu mythology, a part of Shiva’s bow that Lord Ram broke is said to have fallen, and the Vivah Mandap where it is believed that Ram and Sita were married. A beautiful Mithila Women’s Art Center is also a major tourist attraction.

This district has an airport and the only Railway System of Nepal which connects Janakpurdham with an Indian town, Jayanagar. It has several good hotels like Hotel Rama, Hotel Sita Palace, including the starred hotel, Hotel Welcome and sitasaran hotel and Happy hotel. It also has the Janakpur Zonal Hospital and several private hospitals.

Climate Zone % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 92.5%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.


Agriculture is the major economy of Dhanusha district. About 90% of citizens of this district are involved in the cultivation of wheat and rice. Rice is the major output. Dhanusha still relies mostly on old age techniques such as bullock-cart for transportation and bull plough for tilling the agriculture fields. However, this is a slow introduction of modern techniques such as a tractor for good transportation, thrasher and so on. Even most are dependent upon the remittances, the brain-drain of youths to abroad occupies certain economy of this region.

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Dhanusha District had a population of 754,777. Of these, 85.8% spoke Maithili, 4.5% Nepali, 3.1% Magahi, 2.4% Urdu, 1.1% Tamang and 0.9% Magar as their first language. 36.2% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 9.5% Hindi, 2.9% Maithili, 1.1% Urdu and 1.0% Magahi as their second language.

Janakpur: The Headquarters of Dhanusha District

This city, also known as Janakpurdham, was founded in the early 18th century. According to oral tradition, an earlier city existed in the area, also known as Janakpurdham, which was the capital of the Videha dynasty that ruled the Mithila region in ancient times.

The city is located about 225 km (140 mi) south-east of Kathmandu. As of 2015, the city had a population of 173,924 making it the largest Sub-Metropolitan city of Nepal. Janakpur is currently the third-largest city in the Terai (after Biratnagar and Birgunj) and the seventh-largest in Nepal.

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