Dhankuta District is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district covers an area of 891 km2 (344 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 163,412. Dhankuta is the district headquarters of this District.
This district was a part of Limbuwan and Kirata Kingdom before the unification of those parts into the Kingdom of Nepal. After 1816 there were 10 districts in Nepal and Dhankuta-chainpur district was one of them. All land from east of Dudhkosi river to the Mechi river was one district Dhankuta-chainpur.
From 1885 to 1962 Nepal remained divided into 32 districts and there were six districts in the eastern-hill region: East No. 1, East No. 2, East No. 3, East No. 4, Ilam and this district. This district was centre of these districts. That time also this district was a large (by area) district. Current Sankhuwasabha, Tehrathum, Taplejung, Panchthar and Dhankuta districts were Incorporated under one district. The total area of the former Dhankuta district was 3,448 square miles (8,930 km2).
In 1962, Nepal divided into 75 districts and 16 districts of eastern Nepal grouped to form Eastern Development Region and this place became the headquarter of it.
This district is a mid-hill district of the eastern hill region of Nepal. It is situated between 26°53′ to 27°19′ north latitude and 87°8′ to 88°33′ east longitude. The total area of the district is 888.7 square kilometres (343.1 sq mi) and it is located at 243 metres (9,600 in) to 629 metres (24,800 in) of elevation above sea level.
The vegetation zones in the district range from sub-tropical Sal forest along the Tamor and Arun rivers, and cooler temperate forests on some of the high ridges that mark the watershed between the two catchments. The altitude ranges from around 300m to 2500m. The majority of the population are involved in agriculture and crops include maize, rice and millet.
Dhankuta: The Headquarters of This District
Dhankuta is a hill town and the headquarter of Koshi Zone located in this District of Eastern Nepal. According to the 2011 Nepal census, it has a population of 26,440 inhabitants
Until about 1963 Dhankuta Bazaar (the town) was the administrative headquarters for the whole of north-eastern Nepal. Located a half-mile above the town were the buildings of the Bada Hakim, the feudal district governor of the whole north-eastern region, a man with enormous power. The town also had the regional jail and army post. Because of this place’s isolation from the lowland Terai and from Kathmandu, it was in many ways a self-governing area.
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