Bhojpur District is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district’s area is 1,507 km² with a population of 182,459 (2011). The administrative centre is Bhojpur. It is surrounded by Dhankuta and Sankhuwasabha in the east, Khotang in the west, again Sankhuwasabha in north-east and Solukhumbu in the north-west and Udayapur in the South.

According to the DCC Bhojpur, this place was named after the Betula utilis. Betula utilis had found here in large quantity. The Nepali name for Betula utilis is “Bhojpatra”.

“Bhojpur” is a combination of two words “Bhoj” and “Pur”, Bhoj refers to Bhojpatra and “Pur refers to a place or city.

Classified as a Hill District, this district actually spans five of Nepal’s eight climate zones. 3% of the district’s area is below 300 meters elevation in the Lower Tropical zone and 31% is Upper Tropical from 300 to 1,000 meters. 50% of the land area belongs to the Subtropical Zone between 1,000 and 2,000 meters and 15% is Temperate (2,000 to 3,000 meters). 2% rises higher into the Subalpine Zone.

Climate Zone Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  2.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.


Bhojpur: The administrative centre of Bhojpur

Bhojpur is one of two urban municipalities in this District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. It was established on 18 May 2014 merging the existing Bhaisipankha, Bokhim, Bhojpur, Taksar Village Development Committees. It is the district headquarters of this district, a hilly/mountainous district in Province No. 1. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it had a population of 27204 with an area of 159.51 square kilometres (61.59 sq mi).

Bhojpiur is the traditional home of Kirat Rai and has its long history since the settlement of the Kirat Rai people. Bhojpur bazaar is famous for its metalwork, particularly khukuri knives. It is home to many businessmen as well as skilled craftsmen. Other major towns in the district include Dingla to the north, Ghoretar to the south, and Taksar near the airstrip, from where flights connect to Biratnagar and Kathmandu.

The design and construction of the 240 km Koshi Highway in east Nepal between Dharan on the Terai Plain and Num in the Middle Himalaya commenced in the early 1970s and was completed in 2012 when the first vehicles were able to drive to Num. Construction of this highway links Bhjopur to other major cities and towns like Hile, Dhankuta and Dharan.

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By Satyal

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