Bardiya District is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. It is part of Province No. 5 of Nepal. The district, with Gulariya as its headquarters, covers an area of 2,025 km2 and according to the 2001 census the population was 382,649 in 2011 it has 426,576.
This district lies in Province No. 5 in midwestern Nepal. It covers 2025 square kilometres and lies west of Banke District, south of Surkhet District of Karnali Pradesh, east of Kailali District of Sudurpashchim province. To the south lies Uttar Pradesh, India.
Most of Bardiya is in the fertile Terai plains, covered with agricultural land and forest. The northernmost part of the district extends into the Churiya or Siwalik Hills. Bardiya National Park covers 968 km2 occupies most of the northern half of the district.
This park is the largest undisturbed wilderness in Nepal’s Terai. It provides forest, grassland and riverine habitat for endangered mammal, bird and reptile species. More than 30 species of mammals and more than 250 of birds have been recorded.
Most people living in this district are farmers. The district headquarters Gulariya lies on the Babai River. The Karnali, one of Nepal’s largest rivers, divided into multiple branches when it reaches the Terai.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Bardiya District had a population of 426,576. Out of which 52.0% speak Tharu, 35.5% Nepali, 7.1% Awadhi, 2.3% Urdu and 0.7% Magar as their first language.
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