Bara District lies in Province No. 2. It is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Kalaiya as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,190 km2 (460 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 687,708. Bakaiya, Jamuniya, Pasaha, Dudhaura and Bangari are the main rivers of Bara. The main languages spoken in Bara are Bhojpuri, Bajjika, Tharu and Nepali.

Simraungadh is a major part of Bara district. It is a historical place in Nepal. Simraungarh is famous for agriculture product in Nepal. The people grow wheat, corn, different green vegetables (cauliflower, tomato, banana (raw), beetroot, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, brinjal, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, chilli (green), chilli (dry red), Arbi coriander leaves, cucumber, potato and so on).

Bara district is famous for the Gadhimai Temple, particularly as every five years it celebrates the Gadhimai Mela. This festival has historically been celebrated every 5 years by sacrificing animals. In the future animal, the sacrifice will no longer occur, as temple authorities have decided to convert the festival into a “momentous celebration of life.”

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Bara District had a population of 687,708. Of these, 72.0% spoke Bhojpuri, 9.7% Nepali, 7.5% Tharu, 3.8% Maithili, 3.6% Tamang and 1.7% Urdu as their first language. 30.6% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 17.0% Hindi, 3.2% Bhojpuri, 1.0% Urdu and 0.9% Tharu as their second language.

Kaliya- Headquarters of Bara

Kalaiya is a sub-metropolitan city and headquarters of Bara District in the Narayani Zone of south-eastern Nepal. Also, it lies in State no. 2 of Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal Census, it had a population of 123,659 residing in 28645 individual households.

People often visit this place because it is the gateway to the great Gadhimai temple. And Kalaiya is famous for Sekuwa(chicken or goat meat which is cooked using the charcoal grill) and Bhaja (chatpate). And it is the spot for some other historic importance like Simraungadh. The city is a really small and beautiful place filled with people of different racial background including the people from Bihar, India. The whole city is a small family. The other place to visit would be Siddheswar Temple and Ram Mandir.


Nijgadh is a town and municipality in Bara District in the Narayani Zone, Province no. 2 of south-eastern Nepal. The existing Nijgadh VDC was merged with the existing Ratnapuri VDC and Bharatganj Singaul VDC in May 2014. At the time of the 2011 Nepal Census, Nijgadh had a population of 19,617 persons living in 3,982 individual households. The town has been targeted as a site for an international airport that could handle 15 million passengers and even accommodate the super-jumbo Airbus A380 after the first phase of construction. As of April 2011, a feasibility study of the report was completed. The report stated that the airport would cover 3,000 hectares of land: 2,000 hectares for the airport and the remaining 1,000 for the airport city. The Nijgadh Municipality is now developed better than that of the past years. Now, the electricity, drinking water, health post and all other sorts of infrastructures are available in the Nijgadh. People from different places of Nepal are migrating to Nijgadh to seek the opportunity here.

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By Satyal

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